Skip to main content

Handcrafted to perfection!


In 1922, Bharat Floorings and Tiles was founded on the belief to evolve the nation. When The Bharat Flooring tile company first started in 1922, in Uran, there was no electricity, water or telephone service. The only links with Bombay (now Mumbai) were the fishing boats which plied when the weather was fair. The Sidhwa family owned large sheds in Uran to manufacture liquor from mogra and rose flowers, oranges and other fruits. Since the sheds lay idle after the British introduced prohibition, the tiles were produced in those sheds and travelled from there to all parts of India. As part of the Swadeshi movement, our founders pioneered the cement tiles industry in the country, producing tiles of international quality to replace imports, and building the company on the principles of quality, integrity and service.

The founder of The Bharat flooring tile company in 1922 travelled across Europe and USA and bought the finest elements of this art form to India. They modified and created fresh designs to suit Indian taste and developed a unique process to suit the conditions. In 1923, when Pherozesha was dissatisfied with a batch of black and white tiles made for Sir Cowasji Jehangir’s New Readymoney Mansion (Flora Fountain/Hutatma Chowk) in Mumbai, he stopped the delivery and took the dramatic step of having the entire batch thrown into the sea. When he travelled to Europe to find the remedy, he was told his tiles were perfect, only the polishing was not! The new batch is still found in parts of this building, even after 90 years!

The invention of coloured cement in Europe in the late 19th century introduced the exciting possibilities of encaustic cement flooring tiles that would grow more beautiful over the years if the tiles were maintained efficiently.

The tiles produced were of fantastic quality and in a few years, Bharat Tiles were chosen over the imported tiles not just by the maharajas in 1934 during the Raj period and by affluent patriotic Indians, but also by Britishers!


Manufacturing cement tiles is an art form, passed down from generation to generation. None of these tiles is uniform in pattern. The manufacturing process is very tedious since each tile is made by the hand step by step. The steps are as follows –

     1) Blending – The pigment composition is a mixture of high-quality white Portland cement, marble powder and natural mineral colour pigments. Then the ingredients are blended together carefully over a period of hours to produce the final colours.


     2) Molding – The colours are filled by hand with a metal mold. The pigment gets poured into the mould, colour by colour, exactly according to the desired pattern. The metal mold, containing the desired pattern is handmade from specific design drawings. Handmade cement tiles are unique and are expected to have slight imperfections in them maybe in terms of colour shades or design pattern. No line on the cement tile will be straight, which gives them character and depth in the designs.



    3) Compressing – A cork in the form of a strong metal plate is applied at the top of the mold and the tile is pressed using a mechanical hydraulic press. The pressure applied is up to 1 ton per square inch, which produces a compact tile.


     4) Hardening – After pressing the tiles are removed from the mold and placed on the rack until they are hard enough too moved into a tank of water. The tiles are emerged to harden in a water bath for 24 hours. Lastly, the tiles are stored in dry storage racks for 7 days, for the final hardening process.



These cement tiles are made by hand, one at a time, using coloured pigments. The coloured pigments are blended together with the cement material, then poured into the mould which is handmade, following which they are hydraulically pressed into the surface to become a part of the tile...Unlike mass produced products, slight irregularities in lines and some variation in shades are the hallmark and charm of handcrafted products. The setting process of cement generates heat, hence like certain Chinese porcelain glazes, this may create fine cracks known as crazing, which enhances their antique look. The elegance of Bharat’s floor art is timeless, and their silken sheen improves over the years.

The standard size of these tiles is 20cm*20cm. Since it is made by hand, the time for delivery takes 4-6 weeks. As they say – True art takes time!

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

All About Those Floors!

Artistic creations don’t have to be confined to your walls. When it comes to your house, there are plenty of ways to infuse beauty and design. From the d├ęcor to the furniture, each piece of your overall vision can be accented with an artsy essence. There is, however, one important element that plays a crucial role in enhancing the aesthetics of your house! Wondering what that is? That’s right! It’s undoubtedly your flooring!! The floor design reflects the concept and quality of your life and is an extension of who you are. Adding interesting designs to your flooring not only breathes life into the space but also defines its energy. Selecting the correct design that blends in well with the interiors of your house is important to give a wholesome finish. Without the right flooring, your room can have design elements in all the right places and still not look right. The design idea for your floor must depend entirely upon your personal taste and also the room interiors.   

A Beginner's Guide to Tile Selection

Re-designing a house is a delightful experience that not only brings joy but also the promise of something new and exciting! However, it requires a lot of patience and hours of planning. Right from ideation to execution, it is a lengthy process involving putting our imagination on a piece of paper and then into actual design. While there are experts to assist you, it’s never easy to make decisions when it comes to designing your home, especially when it comes to making the right choice for the one part of your house that you set your feet on every single day, and that endures with utmost resilience every single activity that you perform day in, day out; your Floors! No doubt that your floors are an integral aspect of your home and careful and weighted decisions need to be made when choosing the right kind. The type of flooring you select lays the ground work for the rest of your home. Here are some key guidelines to help you make the right decision: Nature of your Space A

Creating Envy-Inducing Outdoor Spaces!

  If you share our love for the outdoors, you’re going to want to stick around to read this one!  There’s nothing more rejuvenating or invigorating than spending time in the outdoors. While some of us have to escape city life or book a staycation in the hills or by the beach, others have the luxury of stepping onto their patio/terrace or garden within their own homes to enjoy the same downtime that we seek elsewhere!  Whether you use your outdoor spaces as much as you should, no one can deny that there is a definite advantage to having an outdoor extension to your indoor spaces, one that you can do up in a way that allows you to enjoy nature and ‘me-time’ anytime you wish! While most homeowners will spend more time inside of their home than outside admiring the exterior, nothing can replace the joy of having an outdoor space, no matter how big or small to spend time with your family and friends.       Whether you're lucky enough to have a spacious terrace or enjoy the charm of a  c